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India’s First Democratic Revolution: Dayanand Bandodkar and the Rise of the Bahujan in Goa
 
Parag D. Parobo
Price : ₹ 875.00
ISBN : 978-81-250-5926-4
Language : English
Pages : 296
Binding : Hardback
Book Size : 140 x 216 mm
Year : 2015
Series : New Perspectives in South Asian History
Territorial Rights : World
Imprint : No Image

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About the Book

Goa features in academic and popular discourse as a place of exceptions, contrary in several ways to national trends. Along with its small geographical size, Goa’s legacy of Portuguese colonialism is often cited as the leading reason behind its character. However, such explanations disregard its complex history and fail to address one of its most important distinctions: the fact that it brought to power in the Assembly elections of 1963, a government driven by the Bahujan Samaj; the first of its kind in India. This government was headed by Chief Minister Dayanand Bandodkar, a lower caste mine owner and philanthropist, whose popularity continued to wax over the next decade. 

Parag D. Parobo tackles the question of Goan exceptionalism in India’s First Democratic Revolution, focusing not solely on its Portuguese past, but rather on the variety of influences that shaped modern Goa. Central to this issue are the comparatively little explored story of caste-based land and power relations in pre-colonial and early colonial Goa; emerging caste movements and identity politics among both upper castes and lower castes in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries; and the interactions of caste politics with competing colonialisms, both Portuguese and British.

Parobo traces the history of land relations and caste movements into the post-Liberation period of Bandodkar’s far-reaching land reforms, which destroyed the centrality of land in power-privilege relations, liberated lower caste tenants from crippling dependence on landlords, and opened up new employment opportunities for the Bahujan. Accompanied by substantial investments in education and health, they ushered in greater equity and democratisation. Goa, therefore, scripted a distinctive story of Bahujan success. This volume explores that history, and its implications for Bahujan politics in India.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements 

Glossary 

Introduction

1. Caste in the Modern World, 1850–1961

2. Colonial State: Local and Micro Context

3. Bandodkar’s Charisma and Post-Colonial Goa, 1963–1973

4. Empowering through Land and Tenancy Reforms

5. The Political Economy of Social Transformation

Conclusion

Bibliography 

Index 

Contributors (Author(s), Editor(s), Translator(s), Illustrator(s) etc.)

Parag D. Parobo is Assistant Professor, Department of History, Goa University.
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