India is witnessing a unique moment in populism, with sentiments divided between economic reforms that promise fast industrialization and protests that thwart such industrialization. This book offers an ethnographic study of divergent local responses to the proposed construction of a Tata Motors factory in eastern India that would have produced the Nano, the so-called people’s car.
Initial excitement was followed by lengthy protests among the villagers whose agricultural land was being acquired for the project. After these protests led to the relocation of the factory, further demonstrations followed, sometimes involving the same participants, seeking to bring the factory back.
People’s Car explores this ambivalence concerning industrialization, asking why long- drawn resistances against corporate industrialization coexist with political rhetoric and slogans promoting fast-paced industrialization. Majumder argues that such contradictory rhetoric and promises target divided sentiments in rural India, where small land-holding villagers aspire to futures beyond agriculture.
Previous studies of industrialization have generally focused on either demands for development or populist critiques. Moving beyond romantic clichés about urban / rural divides, People’s Car offers a single analytical and ethnographic framework demonstrating how pro- and anti-industrialization forces feed off each other.
book will be of interest to scholars in Sociology, Anthropology, Development Studies and Cultural Geography.
List of Abbreviations
A Timeline of the Events in Singur
Introduction. Life Beyond Land: Aspirations, Ambivalence, and the Double Life of Development
1. “We Are Chasis, Not Chasas”: Emergence of Land-Based
2. Land Is Like Gold: (In)commensurability and the Politics of Land
3. Land Is Like a Mother: The Contradictions of Village-Level
4. “Peasants” Against Industrialization: Images of the Peasantry and Urban Activists’ Representations of the Rural
Conclusion: Value Versus Values?
Postscript: From a Defunct Factory to a “Crematorium”