French Studies in History: Vol. II-The Departures
Maurice Aymard
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The early years of this century saw a rapid renewal in the subject as well as the methodology of history. This process was both influenced an reoriented by a rich, but often difficult dialogue with the other social sciences. It was thus that ‘the territory of the historian’ was extended to cover areas that history had earlier ignored, abandoned or studied only superficially.

New History’s pathbreaking move has been carried forward in the last twenty years this time in a decisive readjustment of history’s relationship to sources. These have ceased to be seen as furnishing an ‘objective’ rendering of reality. Instead the task of the historian is to decipher meanings, uncover rules underlying gestures, words, texts and establish a relationship between the former and the realities they are supposed to express.

Thus while historical anthropology and economic and material history were the pioneering fronts of New History’s second phase, two other domains have opened up—the history of mentalities and that of groups at society’s margins. That this is a rich and living discipline is seen in the fact that it is moving today towards an ethno-history which seeks to reconstruct coherences within the world we have lost. The first volume of this anthology, The inheritance dealt with New History’s first phase. This second volume, The Departures brings together important writings from its second phase. Together the two volumes trace the growth of an important perspective on the study of history.

Maurice Aymard

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