The modern academic discipline of geography is rooted in ancient practice. Its separate identity was first formulated and named some 2,000 years ago by the Greeks when they combined the Greek words geo and graphein to mean ‘earth writing’ or ‘earth description’.
Every discipline pivots around its specific fundamental philosophies. Fundamentals of Geographical Thought identifies the basic philosophies of geography, from the ancient through the medieval to the modern/post-modern, which guided the development of different schools of geography in India, Germany, France, Great Britain, the USA, Russia and/or former Soviet Union, and in others. It also highlights the philosophical and methodological conflicts that took place during the various periods of conceptual development of the discipline, and measures the impacts of Darwinism on both the philosophy and the scientific character of geography.
The introductory chapter of the book deals with the content, purpose, nature, schools and approaches of geography. The other 19 chapters discuss different schools of geography in historical perspectives, and compare the extent of similarities and differences between them.
Lucidly written, this volume will be invaluable for undergraduate and postgraduate students, as well as for scholars, teachers and practitioners of geography.
Chapter 1: Introduction
Chapter 2: Ancient Classical Geography
Chapter 3: Medieval Geography and Renaissance
Chapter 4: Foundation of Scientific Geography
Chapter 5: Classical Period of Modern Geography
Chapter 6: Impact of Darwinism and the New Scientific Geography
Chapter 7: Modern Geography of Germany
Chapter 8: Development of Professional Geography in France
Chapter 9: Modern British Geography
Chapter 10: Professional Geography in the Former Soviet Union and Contemporary Russia
Chapter 11: New Geography in the United States
Chapter 12: Geography in Modern India
Chapter 13: Environmental Determinism and Possibilism
Chapter 14: Recent Trends in Geography (Quantitative Revolution)
Chapter 15: Modern Concepts in Human Geography (Critical Revolution)
Chapter 16: Concept of Landscape and Region
Chapter 17: Geography: A New Synthesis
Chapter 18: Applied Geography
Chapter 19: Scientific Method in Geography
Chapter 20: Post-modernism, Deconstruction and Spatiality