The complex nature of environmental history and debates on environmental issues have related primarily to contemporary times. However, for a greater understanding of environmental processes, it is imperative to study the medieval–early modern period of Indian history.
The essays in Frontiers of Environment explore the nuances of the environment in medieval–early modern times, discuss the specificities of different regions, and provide a comparative analysis on nature, pastoralism, irrigation, wildlife and tribes, in order to assess human–environment interaction. From the interest in nature shown by the Mughals to the ways in which rivers and forests have shaped communities, this volume highlights the linkages between the environment and social structure.
Divided into four sections—Nature and its Perception; Forests, Pastoralism, Nomadism; Water, Irrigation, Resource Strategies; and The Politics of Animals—the volume provides examples of both environmental conservation and degradation from the past, and shows how these are linked to the environmental issues of the present.
Human–environment interactions have led to several human-induced changes, which has had major implications for modern ecologies. This volume provides a holistic overview of these transitions that have taken place over centuries and shows that the pre-colonial past was not as pristine as formerly believed, and that environmental issues are not peculiar to modern times.
This book will be of interest to scholars and students of history and environmental studies.
Meena Bhargava is Associate Professor at the Department of History, Indraprastha College for Women, University of Delhi, New Delhi.
Nature and its Perception
1: The Moghal Emperors of India as Naturalists and Sportsmen by Salim A. Ali
2: Jahangir, the Naturalist by M. A. Alvi and A. Rahman
Forests, Pastoralism, Nomadism
3: Forests, Pastoralists and Agrarian Society in Mughal India by Chetan Singh
4: The Baiga: Survival Strategies and Local Economy in the Central Provinces by Archana Prasad
5: The Twilight World of the Caravan: the Regulated Market Economy and the Caravanners in Hyderabad State by Bhangya Bhukya
Water, Irrigation, Resource Strategies
6: Situating the Environment: Settlement, Irrigation and Agriculture in Pre-colonial Rajasthan by Mayank Kumar
7: Irrigation, State and Society in Pre-Colonial India by Tripta Wahi
8: Changing River Courses in North India: Calamities, Bounties, Strategies—Sixteenth to Early Nineteenth Centuries by Meena Bhargava
The Politics of Animals
9: The Elephant in Medieval Indian Warfare by Simon Digby
10: The Imperial Cheetahs in Akbar’s Shikarkhana by Asok Kumar Das
11: The Hunt and the Wilderness in Mughal India by Mahesh Rangarajan